The 2019 Amazon rainforest wildfires season saw a year-to-year surge in fires occurring in the Amazon rainforest and Amazon biome within Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Peru during that year's Amazonian tropical dry season.Fires normally occur around the dry season as slash-and-burn methods are used to clear the forest to make way for agriculture, livestock, logging, and mining, leading to deforestation of the Amazon rainforest. Such activity is generally illegal within these nations, but enforcement of environmental protection can be lax. The increased rates of fire counts in 2019 led to international concern about the fate of the Amazon rainforest, which is the world's largest carbon dioxide sink and plays a significant role in global climate change. Peru had nearly twice the growth in the number of fires in 2019 than Brazil, with most believed to be illegally set by ranchers, miners, and coca growers. Much of the fires are in the Madre de Dios which borders Brazil and Bolivia, though the fires there are not a result of those started in the other countries, according to the regional authority. However, they are still concerned about the impact of downwind emissions, particularly carbon monoxide, on residents of Madre de Dios. There were 128 forest fires reported in Peru in August 2019.
Farmers then need to learn how to become entrepreneur, they need to know how to run businesses, which require reading, writing and accounting skills. This allows small communities to move away from illicit crop growing.
The Paulownia tree is uniquely suited to today’s needs. In the face of rising demands for timber and dwindling forests, it provides a low cost, environmentally friendly and sustainable source of lumber. Large scale reforestation projects or smaller scale ‘social forestry’ programs can use Paulownia to achieve their goals more quickly, thanks to its rapid growth. Countries which lack large forested areas and must therefore import timber can use Paulownia to help establish a local supply; it is a hardy pioneer plant and will succeed in areas where other forest species might not. If properly managed, Paulownia plantations can help alleviate many of the environmental and economic hardships faced by developing countries today.
Paulownia trees could be harvested after 5 to 10 years (depending on climatic and growing conditions) and bring in a significantly higher gross margin than with conventional crops. In a nutshell, that is the economic reason behind commercial timber cultivation. And it has long been a profitable income of farmers in many European countries.
Paulownia is great for planting alongside any other plants that prefer partial shade like coffee in hotter locations and could be also planted where the soil is depleted or there is fallow land that has gone out of use for environmental or economic reasons.
Our primary goal is to help Peruvian small farmers to start growing Paulownia trees for timber or shade along with coffee and support them with what they need to take action and start taking advantage of this fast growing tree as an alternative for sustainable forestry.
Sometimes it’s hard to know what to do to really make a difference. Offsetting your fossil fuel emissions and help farmers to stop growing crops for drug traffickers is a powerful action you can take to make a better world