As per conservative estimates, there are around 905,000 Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh's Cox's Bazar presently, although some human rights bodies have put the figure higher. The exodus of persecuted Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar’s Rakhine state started in October 2016, following the crackdown by trigger-happy Burmese security forces. Almost 200,000 of them fled to neighboring Bangladesh and settled in Cox’s Bazar, which has now become famous as home of Rohingya refugees.
However, things took nasty turn in August last year when more than 720,000 Rohingya refugees fled to Bangladesh en masse to escape persecution, murder, arson and rape. The savagery in Rakhine was described by the United Nations as “a textbook example of ethnic cleansing”. The atrocities were widely documented by human rights bodies, including gang rapes, cold-blooded killings, torture and destruction of properties belonging to Rohingya Muslims. Hundreds of Rohingya villages were burnt down between August 25 and November 25, according to sources, in a systematic ethnic cleansing.
Some stories were particularly harrowing: gun-toting soldiers snatching infants from their mothers and throwing them into blazing fire or unruly mobs setting houses ablaze and burning people alive. Although there are no official figures for those killed, Medicine Sans Frontier (MSF) put the figure at 6,700, including 730 children. Unfortunately, we may never know the exact figure.
The agony of Rohingya Muslims has not ended yet. They continue to live in deplorable conditions in Cox’s Bazar overfilled camps. It has become a colossal humanitarian crisis and the global response to this crisis .