The daily task of collecting water, as well as the constant search for privacy to go to the toilet, dominates the lives of many children, especially girls. This leaves them with less time or energy to go to school, rest or play. Girls as young as 10 may be responsible for fetching the family's water.
The weight of the water container can cause damage to the head, neck and spine, and the distances walked mean that children may miss out entirely on their education.
Of the children who are able to find the time to go to school, the lack of decent toilets once they get there tends to prevent girls from attending school, especially during puberty. Around 60% of the children currently not enrolled in school worldwide are girls. (UNESCO (2000), Educational For All 2000 Assessment, Statistical Document, World Education Forum, UNESCO, Paris)
Furthermore, kids are most vulnerable to the diseases that result from dirty water and poor sanitation. In developing countries, each child has an average of ten attacks of diarrhoea before the age of five.
A lack of water also means that children cannot wash often enough and, as a result, suffer from diseases like scabies and eye infections such as trachoma.
As children are generally more vulnerable to the effects of not having safe water and sanitation, we seek to include their needs alongside those of adults.
Where it's appropriate, children are taught to help maintain pumps or tapstands by using them properly and keeping the surrounding area clean.
Providing children with clean and accessible water and toilet facilities changes their lives. Their health improves, they have more time to go to school and gain an education, as well as more time to just be kids and play with their friends.
Africa is the second largest continent in the world with 54 countries. The basic needs for the people of Africa is water. They lack water which is a key to suvival. We want to install 50 water borehole in the worst parts of Africa. It will helpthousands and even millions of people. Please donate generously. Thank You
- Almost half of all Africans suffer from one of six main water-borne diseases, the most prevalent ones being diarrhoea and cholera. (Source - Africa Water Vision 2025).
- Each year limited access to safe drinking water and sanitation causesapproximately 2 million deaths (Source - WHO).
- Every 20 seconds a child dies as a result of poor sanitation (Source - UN Water).
- Diarrhoea is the biggest disease killer in Uganda. Water, sanitation and hygiene are the biggest risk factors related to this. There are 27,200 deaths per year from diarrhoea in Uganda (Source - WHO Environmental burden of disease country profile).
- Nearly half the households in low HDI countries, mostly in Sub-Saharan Africa, spend 30 minutes per day collecting water, mostly women do this. A study in the 1990s found that if all households in the Mbale district of Eastern Uganda had secure access to water and fuel—living 400 metres or less from potable water and no more than 30 minutes from a fuel wood source—they would gain more than 900 hours a year.
- Globally, 35% of people lack access to clean drinking water.
- The World Health Organization (WHO) states that 70% of disease episodes in developing countries are closely linked to polluted water. (Source - Water for meeting basic needs).
- 69% of Kenyans do not have access to adequate sanitation.
- Water consumption per capita in high HDI countries is 6 times higher than in low HDI countries.