DONATE FOR POOR CYCLONE HIT PEOPLE OF INDIA
Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Fani (/ˈfɒniː/; Bengali: ফণী, romanized: Phaṇī[a]) was the strongest tropical cyclone to strike the Indian state of Odisha since Phailin in 2013. The second named storm and the first severe cyclonic storm of the 2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season, Fani originated from a tropical depression that formed west of Sumatra in the Indian Ocean on 26 April. Vertical wind shear at first hindered the storm's development, but conditions became more favorable on 30 April. Fani rapidly intensified into an extremely severe cyclonic storm and reached its peak intensity on 2 May, as a high-end extremely severe cyclonic storm, and the equivalent of a high-end Category 4 major hurricane. Fani weakened before making landfall, and its convective structure rapidly degraded thereafter, dissipating on 5 May.
Prior to its landfall, authorities in India and Bangladesh moved at least a million people each from Fani's projected path onto higher ground and into cyclone shelters, which is thought to have reduced the resultant death toll. As of 11 May 2019, 68 people are known to have been killed by Fani in eastern India and Bangladesh. Fani caused over US$77 million in damages in both India and Bangladesh.
At least 49 people have been killed by Fani in India; 41 in Odisha, and 8 in two districts of Uttar Pradesh. In Odisha, a teenager was killed after being hit by a falling tree. One woman died when she was hit by flying debris, and another died of a heart attack while in a cyclone shelter.
The cyclone adversely affected electricity supply and telecommunication in several coastal areas of Odisha, and to a lesser extent, of West Bengal. Puri and Khordha district in Odisha were the worst hit. The Jagannath Temple in Puri suffered minor damage, the repairing cost were estimated to be ₹5.1 crore (US$738,000). The preliminary loss of Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University caused by Fani were estimated to be ₹30 crore (US$4.3 million). The Indian state of Andhra Pradesh reported no loss of life or injury, but estimated an economic damage of ₹58.62 crore (US$8.5 million). Insurance loss across India may reach ₹3500 crore (US$507 million).
Fani killed 17 people in ten districts of Bangladesh. In Bagerhat District, a woman died after being hit by a falling tree, and 7 of them were killed by lightning in two districts of Bangladesh. The cyclone also destroyed about 63,000 ha (160,000 acres) of farmland in 35 districts of the country, the agricultural loss were at Tk38.5 crore (US$4.6 million). Total damage in Bangladesh were up to Tk536.61 crore (US$63.6 million).
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that the government had released over ₹1000 crore (US$145 million) for the states affected by Fani. The Bangladeshi government distributed rice, dried food, and Tk1.97 crore (US$234,000) to those affected by the cyclone.