Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women worldwide, accounting for more than 25% of all cancers in that category. Although preventive strategies can contribute in reducing some of the risks of breast cancer, these strategies do not eliminate most cases of breast cancer that appear in low- and middle-income countries. According to this, early detection can prevent breast cancer and improve patient survival remains the cornerstone of the disease.
There are two methods for early detection of the disease, firstly early diagnosis or early detection of signs and symptoms in groups with symptoms of the disease in order to facilitate diagnosis and treatment in the early stages. Secondly, the examination of applying a systematic test to a class that is presumed to be symptomatic through mammography. The purpose of this test is to identify people with abnormalities that implies cancer.
Mammography is the only proven method of screening. It can reduce breast cancer death rates by 20% to 30% among women over the age of 50 in high-income countries. Knowing cancer as soon as possible means reducing the costs of treatment and increasing the likelihood of cure. It is common to delay the diagnosis of cancer in low-income countries where people develop advanced cancer, many of which have limited access to diagnostic and treatment services. This is the main reason for the prevalence of breast cancer in the Palestinian camps. Since the beginning of the seventies, Palestinian refugees in Lebanon have been living in extremely difficult conditions and depriving them of human rights and fundamental freedoms such as work, property, medicine and hospitalization.These refugees are distributed into 12 camps and comunities that lack the most basic health services. In addition to the non-potable water in many camps, their extensions, overlapping sewerage systems, from the streets and houses, and in some camps sewage networks are still exposed to the narrow alleys, the adjacent houses, the spread of humidity and the absence of green spaces, and because of all the above, diseases spread in the camps. Therefore, we, as civil society institutions, have to play an effective role in this bad health situation, which helps to achieve the third goal of the sustainable development goals 2030 "is to ensure that everyone enjoys a healthy lifestyle and well-being in all ages."