Oceans are threatened by pollution and unsustainable fishing methods.
Most of our planet is covered in water. We depend on the oceans to maintain our rainwater system and many populations rely on it for food and income. Oceans also absorb carbon dioxide and produce about 30 percent of our oxygen.
But despite its importance, the ocean is under threat. Over fishing and unsustainable fishing practices are causing the endangerment and extinction of many marine species.
Global warming has caused an increase in coral bleaching, where reefs lose vital nutrients and can no longer sustain the ecosystems that depend on them.
Commercial fishing practices dominate the market and inhibit the economic progress of local fishers, who cannot compete with these boats.
And with the effectiveness of modern day fishing techniques comes the problem of by catch: Where marine species such as dolphins and turtles are caught in commercial fishing nets, and later discarded.
Pollutants like boat fuel, pesticides, fertilizer, sewage, and plastics cause “dead zones” – spots where no organism can live – to form in the ocean.
The UN is dealing with this problem through objectives set under UN SDG 14: Life Below Water. GVI runs marine and coastal conservation programs in Fiji, Seychelles, Mexico and Thailand.
At each of these locations, we collect data concerning the type and number of species in the area. We also arrange and manage regular beach and seabed cleanups.
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