Hydrocephalus is the abnormal enlargement of the brain cavities (ventricles) caused by a build-up of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Usually, the body maintains a constant circulation and absorption of CSF. Untreated, hydrocephalus can result in brain damage or death. There is no cure, but hydrocephalus can be managed with surgery.
CSF is a clear fluid that is made and absorbed by the brain. CSF circulates through the cerebroventricular (brain cavity) system and then through the subarachnoid space that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. It serves to protect and nourish the brain and spinal cord.
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Hydrocephalus can be caused by problems with CSF secretion, CSF flow or CSF absorption.
The different categories of hydrocephalus include:
- Congenital hydrocephalus – is present from birth and is associated with other birth defects such as spina bifida and Dandy-Walker syndrome.
- Acquired hydrocephalus – can be triggered by tumours, infection or bleeding within the brain that blocks the movement or absorption of CSF.
- Normal pressure hydrocephalus – older people are more commonly affected. Generally, CSF outflow over the surface of the brain is reduced, for unknown reasons.
I was dignoised at 6 months old i am now 27 years old and still have my shunt. My brother died of this exact same thing help me raise funds to help find a cure and put a stop to it.