Zebra mussels, native to the Black Sea, Caspian Sea and Aral Lake. This mussel species, which spreads from the Danube basin to Europe and then to North America, is named for its yellow and brown striped shell. Asi river was first seen in 1897 in Hatay in Turkey. But in the last 10 years it has spread uncontrollably.
These lips, which are between 1 and 5 centimeters in length, adhere to every living thing and lifeless thing that they can cling to the spinner on them and live in colony with their own species. Among the most invasive mussels in the world, the zebra mites show that their females leave 1 million eggs a year and over 5 million eggs throughout their lives. He's reaching every leak he goes through.
These mussels, which do not cause problems in the natural ecosystem, are a big problem in drinking water facilities, hydroelectric power plants and dam lakes. According to the experts report in the Hurriyet, Turkey's four drinking-watering spread to a next source of systematic measures are not taken against these mussels, she says some of the cities that are at risk of dehydration ..
According to a report prepared by the State Hydraulic Works (DSİ) in 2005, it has been determined that zebra mussels have spread to a total of 27 natural lakes, hydroelectric and dam reservoirs. Dursun President DSI former manager and Hydropolitics Academy Star, dam lake in Turkey and drew attention to rapidly continue the construction of hydroelectric power plants and warned: "Zebra mussel threat continues to grow rapidly and have taken measures after spreading and will be economically very expensive." America spends almost $ 5 billion a year fighting these mussels.
"DOWN THE LIFE OF THE DAM"
Eskişehir Osmangazi University Department of Biology Department of Hydrobiology Prof. Dr. Naime Arslan, said that this mussel species, especially HES and the dam lakes are very damaging. "The life of a dam is 150 years, for example, when the zebra mussel infects half the life," said Arslan, adding that growing water from the sprawling larvae could reduce the population by half.
Zebra mussels, which constrict the living area of other creatures and consume their nutrients, also reduce the diversity of fish by reducing the survival of juvenile fish. Seyit Aksu, who retired last year as Vice President of Operation and Maintenance Department of General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works (DSİ) and worked in Şanlıurfa on a 1.5 km pipeline between water treatment facilities and water tunnels, said "Pump station tanks filled up with zebra mussel until the time we opened the tanks" ..
Our Association, with the project covering the entire Euphrates; to control our water resources and to provide inspections. Our team of experts and volunteers continues to work intensively. But if we can not find enough resources, our efforts will not be a precaution. Distinguished donors are helping us to protect ecological equilibrium and safe drinking water. Everyone thank you in advance.