BETI BACHAO BETI PADHAO
The Census (2011) data showed a significant declining trend in the Child Sex Ratio (CSR), calculated as number of girls for every 1000 boys between age group of 0-6 years, with an all time low of 918. The decline in CSR has been unabated since 1961. A skewed CSR indicates that number of girls is getting disproportionately less in comparison to the boys. It reflects both pre birth discrimination manifested through gender biased sex selection, and post birth discrimination against girls. The decline is widespread across the country and has expanded to rural as well as tribal areas.
Though the CSR isinfluenced by number of factors such as under-registration of girls, differential infant & child mortality, strong socio-cultural and religious biases, preference for sons & discrimination towards daughters, it is in large measure determined by Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB). SRB is defined as number of girls born per 1000 boys. The SRB for the period 2008-10 was 908 as against the internationally observed normal SRB of 952 clearly pointing out to lesser number of girls born than the boys in India. A low SRB is directly linked to easy availability and affordability of diagnostic tools leading to increasing Sex Selective Elimination (SSE).
The sharp decline as pointed by Census 2011 data is a call for urgent action, as it highlights that the girl child is increasingly being excluded from life itself. Coordinated & convergent efforts are needed to ensure survival, protection and education of the girl child. The Government has announced BetiBachao, BetiPadhao(BBBP)programmeto address the issue of decline inCSR through a mass campaign across the country, and focussed intervention &Multi-Sectoral Action in 100 gender critical districts.
The District Collectors/Deputy Commissioners (DCs) will lead and coordinate action of all departments for implementation of BBBP at the District level.
2.BetiBachao, BetiPadhao(BBBP) Scheme
2.1 Overall Goal: Celebrate the Girl Child & Enable her Education
Prevent gender biased sex selective elimination
Ensure survival & protection of the girl child
Ensure education of the girl child
2.3 Monitorable Targets:
Improve the SRB in 100 gender critical districts by 10 points in a year.
Reduce Gender differentials in Under Five Child Mortality Rate from 8 points in 2011 to 4 points by 2017.Improve the Nutrition status of girls -by reducing number of underweight and anaemic girls under 5 years of age (from NFHS 3 levels).
Ensure universalization of ICDS, girls‟ attendance and equal care monitored, using joint ICDS NRHM Mother Child Protection Cards.
Increase the girl‟s enrolment in secondary education from 76% in 2013-14 to 79% by 2017.
Provide girl‟s toilet in every school in 100 CSR districts by 2017.
Promote a protective environment for Girl Children through implementation of Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act 2012.
Train Elected Representatives/ Grassroot functionaries as Community Champions to mobilize communities to improve CSR & promote Girl‟s education.
2.4 Strategies: The strategies include:
i.Implement a sustained Social Mobilization and Communication Campaign to create equal value for the girl child & promote her education.
ii.Place the issue of decline in CSR/SRB in public discourse, improvement of which would be a indicator for good governance.
iii.Focus on Gender Critical Districtsand Cities low on CSR for intensive & integrated action.
iv.Mobilize & Train Panchayati Raj Institutions/Urban local bodies/Grassroot workers as catalysts for social change, in partnership with local community/women‟s/youth groups.
v.Ensure service delivery structures/schemes & programmes are sufficiently responsive to issues of gender and children‟s rights.
vi.Enable Inter-sectroal and inter-institutional convergence at District/Block/Grassroot levels.
2.5.1. Mass Communication Campaign onBetiBachao-BetiPadhao
The programme will be initiated with the launch of “BetiBachao, BetiPadhao”, a nation-wide campaign to increase awareness on celebrating the Girl Child & enabling her education. The campaign will be aimed at ensuring girls are born, nurtured and educated without discrimination to become empowered citizens of this country with equal rights. The Campaign will interlink National, State and District level interventions with community level action in 100 districts, bringing together different stakeholders for accelerated impact.
2.5.2. Multi-Sectoral interventions in 100 Gender Critical Districts covering all States/UTs low on CSR
Multi-Sectoral actions have been drawn in consultation with MoHFW&MoHRD. Measurable outcomes and indicators will bring together concerned sectors, states and districts for urgent concerted Multi-Sectoral action to improve the CSR. The States/UTs will adapt a flexible Framework for Multi-Sectoral Action through the State Task Forces for developing, implementing and monitoring State/ District Plans of Action to achieve the State/District Specific Monitorable Targets.
The 100 districts have been identified on the basis of low Child Sex Ratio as per Census 2011 covering all States/UTsas a pilot with at least one district in each state. The three criteria for selection of districts namely are i) districts below the national average (87 districts/23 states); ii) districts above national average but shown declining trend (8 districts/8 states) and districts above national average and shown increasing trend (5 districts/5 states-selected so that these CSR levels can be maintained and other districts can emulate and learn from their experiences).List of 100 districts low on CSR is placed at Annexure 1.
4.Guidelines for strategic actions to be undertaken:
4.2. Planning, Implementation & Monitoring at District/Block & Gram Panchayat levels:
i.Constitute District Task Force (DTF) headed by DCwith representatives of Line Departments (Health & Family Welfare; Education; Panchayati Raj/ Rural Development & Police) to:
Develop District Action Plans through a consultative process involving Departments of Women & Child Development, Health & Education.
Provide guidance for implementation of Multi-Sectoralaction.
Undertake monthly review of the progress on the activities listed in the Department Plans of action at the district level.
Nominate Nodal Officer (Senior Official) from each Department for formulation, implementation & monitoring of District Action Plans under overall supervision of DC/DM.
Designate a Coordinating Officer amongst them to facilitate the process of formulation of District Action Plan.
Undertake overall responsibility for measurable changes in identified indicators related to CSR/SRB.
Review the implementation of PC&PNDT Act.
Follow-up with district Judge on PNDT cases and submit monthly report to the State Authority with copy to PNDT Division, GOI.
Establish linkages with:
-Local NGOs working on the issue of Gender, Child Sex Ratio, Education.
-Schools, colleges, professional colleges and universities to promote youth campaign on value of girl child & enable her education.
-Corporates to mobilize resources under Corporate Social Responsibility.
-Undertake overall responsibility for measurable changes in identified indicators related to CSR/SRB.
The technical support and guidance for the implementation of Action Plan in the district would be provided by District Programme Officer (DPO) in the District ICDS Office/PNDT Cell or any other structure as deemed fit by the DC/DM. This structure will also supervise the day to day coordination & monitoring related to implementation of activities on ground. In identified cities / urban areas, the plan will be implemented through the Urban Local Bodies/Municipal Corporations.At the national level, a National Task Force headed by Secretary MWCD will monitor quarterly progresson a regular basis. At state level, a State Task Force headed by the Chief Secretary will monitor progressat regular intervals.
Block: (Action-Sub Divisional Magistrate/Sub Divisional Officer/Block Development Officer)
i.Constitute Block Task Force (BTF) headed by SDM/SDO/BDO
ii.Ensure that Quarterly meeting of BTF are held on a regular basis
iii.Ensure follow-up actions are taken in a time-bound manner
Gram Panchayat(Action-Sarpanch/ Pradhan)
i.Existing forum of Village Health Sanitation & Nutrition Committee (VHSNC), a sub-committee of Gram Panchayat, will have the responsibility of coordinating implementation & monitoring of action plan. (Action-points for Gram Panchayatson CSR circulated by Ministry of Panchayati Raj are to be followed in all the forumsof Panchayats like Ward Sabha, Gram Sabha, MahilaSabha and Gram Panchayats. Action-points for Gram Panchayatsare enclosed in the Guidelines at AnnexureA).
ii.Existing platform of Village Health & Nutrition Day to be used for service delivery &counselling on Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao.
i.DCs should constitute District Task Force/Block Task Force within 1month of approval of the scheme
ii.Ensure first meeting of the DTF/BTF within a week of its constitution
iii.Finalize timelines & monitorable targets for district action plan within 15 days & submit the same to Dept. of Women & Child Development (DWCD) in their respective State for collation & onward submission to MWCD for approval
iv.The District Action Plans will be rolled out as soon as the funds are transferred to the District through the State
4.2 Implementation Activities:
4.2.1.Orientation & Sensitization
i.Orientation of District Officers/ ZilaParishad members/ Judiciary/ District Legal Services Authority (DLSA)/NGOs/Doctors for identifying role & responsibility (within 1stquarter of the roll out of the scheme).
ii.Orientation of Block Officers/Block Parishad/PanchayatPradhans/Sarpanches/Front line workers/SHG members (over a continuum).
iii.Orientation of Panchayat members, Village Health Sanitation & Nutrition Committee (VHSNC) members on tools for data collection/ Community Mobilization/dissemination of information on schemes and programmes/ Reporting.