Patient’s name: Noor Riqqa Casilda
Identification No: T191xxxxZ
Birthdate: 18 April 2019
She was found to have “water in her brain” when she was a fetus at 22nd week of pregnancy.
Scientifically known as Hydrocephalus.
Along with water in the brain, the medical team also found that the fibre that connects the left and right brain is missing, scientifically known as Agenesis of Corpus Collasum.
Agenesis of Corpus Collasum: Agenesis of corpus callosum (ACC) is a rare disorder that is present at birth (congenital). It is characterized by a partial or complete absence (agenesis) of an area of the brain that connects the two cerebral hemispheres (left and right brain). This part of the brain is normally composed of transverse fibers. This particular fibre is needed for the right and left brain to coordinate or ‘tell’ each other what the limbs doing and why they are doing a certain action.
may begin early in life are feeding problems and delays in holding the head erect. Sitting, standing and walking may also be delayed. Impairment of mental and physical development, and/or an accumulation of fluid in the skull (hydrocephalus) are also symptomatic of the early onset type of this disorder.
Hydrocephalus, is when the water/fluid in the brain is a condition where there is an abnormal build up of CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) in the cavities (ventricles) of the brain. Function of CSF: protects the nervous system, removes waste and nourishes the brain. The build-up is often caused by an obstruction that prevents proper fluid drainage. Build-up of CSF can raise pressure inside the skull, which squashes surrounding brain tissue.
Complications of the condition but not limited to as follows:
the head to steadily grow in size, convulsions, and brain damage, headaches, vomiting, blurred vision, cognitive problems, and walking difficulties. Hydrocephalus can be fatal if left untreated.
Symptoms of congenital hydrocephalus (present at birth):
Changes in gait: The person may feel as if they are frozen on the spot when taking their first step to start walking. They may appear to shuffle rather than walk.
Normal thinking process slows down: The person may respond to questions more slowly than normal, there may be delayed reactions to situations. The individual's ability to process information slows down.
Urinary incontinence: This usually comes after changes in gait.
Cost of the treatment:
Case note of Noor Riqqa Casilda:
Currently under supervision of the Cleft and Craniology Surgery Department Doctors.
More tests will follow as to determine the possible treatments and severity of her condition.