Adaptation of Bisan Kindergaten in Gaza Strip to integrate children with disability

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Humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip

All children have the right to receive education in an appropriate environment which also suits their needs, especially if they have special needs. In a besieged place like the Gaza Strip in occupied Palestine, these children face difficulties in integrating into the society due to the economic and social situation in Palestine.

2020 marks 53 years since the occupation of the Palestinian Territory and 13 years of the Gaza blockade. Both the occupation and the blockade affect every aspect of life for Palestinians – they dictate where they can live and study, and whom they can marry.

One million Palestinians in Gaza don't have enough food to feed their families.

The rates of poverty and unemployment in the Gaza Strip reached nearly 75% in 2019, 70% of Gazans is food insecure

The Israeli blockade imposed by Israel on the Gaza Strip since 2006, restricting the movement of citizens and goods, in addition to three wars in 200820122014

poverty indicators in Gaza are the highest in the world, and that efforts by governmental, international and local institutions are predominantly categorized as relief activities, meeting only about 50 per cent of the basic needs of poor families.


kindergarten education in Gaza Strip

The first years of a child's life are among the most important and dangerous periods of human life.Most countries of the world are creating kindergartens, which are educational and developmental institutions to play an important role in upbringing the children.children comprise one of the most important segments of Palestinian society and considered as the base of the ‘population pyramid’. It is estimated that children below the age of 18 comprise 48% of the population in OPT,
, and accordingly, the Palestinian community is a young community.

The number of children enrolled in kindergarten in the 2016/2017 academic year in Palestine was about 146.8 thousand children, of whom 51.1% were males compared to 48.9% of females.

The data of the Population, Housing and Establishments Census 2017 indicated that 0.9% of children have at least one form of disability (0.7% in the West Bank and 1.2% in the Gaza Strip), by 1.1% of male compared to 0.8% of female.

Due to poverty and economic conditions in the Gaza Strip, there is no kindergarten for people with special needs or qualified to accommodate and integrate people with special needs with their healthy peers, this problem was one of the reasons that pushed us to establish such a project, which is a great step for the integration of children with special needs in the society.

The number of children in the Gaza Strip from 3 to 5 years reached to 181,200..

The number of kindergartens in the Gaza Strip reached 468 kindergarten.

disabilities in the Gaza Strip

A disability is any condition that makes it more difficult for a person to do certain activities or interact with the world around them. These conditions, or impairments, may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or a combination of multiple factors.20% of persons with disabilities in Palestine are children under 18 years old. The percentage of male children was higher than that of females in the same age group, reaching 21% and 18% respectively .About 46% of children with disabilities aged 6-17 years are not enrolled in education Almost half of Palestinian children with disabilities aged 6-17 years were not enrolled in education in 2017. These rates varied between West Bank 51% and Gaza Strip 31%.More than one third of persons (10 years and over) with disabilities are illiterate Data indicated that illiteracy rates among persons aged 10 years and over with disabilities reached 32% in Palestine in 2017. The gap in illiteracy rates between the sexes is large, as the illiteracy rates among males reached 20% compared to 46% among females. The illiteracy rate in the West Bank was 35% while in Gaza Strip it was 29% among persons with disabilities aged 10 years and over.

The disabilities and the educational services in Gaza

Palestinian Child Law No. (7) of 2004Article 41 of the law stipulates that: “1. A

child with special needs has the right to education and training in the same schools and centers prepared for students

. 2. In cases of exceptional disability, the state is obligated to provide education and training in special classes, schools or centers, provided that;

. A - Be linked to the regular education system and suit the needs of the child.

B- It is close to his residence and within easy reach.

C- Provide education of all kinds and levels according to their needs.

D. Availability of educated people to teach and train them according to their disability.Challenges that people with disabilities face:

1- Social acceptance: such as the attitudes and attitudes of their fellow children in schools and their families and perhaps teachers as well, which may be lead to lose self-confidence

.2- Failure to implement laws and policies: This is one of the major obstacles and challenges that persons with disabilities face, as the laws that regulate and facilitate their lives remain ink on paper and do not find interest on the part of officials and those concerned with their application on the ground, and they may not be covered by these laws in many states.

3- Most educational and medical facilities and facilities are devoid of environmental facilities: these facilities are considered as slopes at the entrances to buildings and wide corridors inside them that enable wheelchair users, who are considered the most prevalent in society, to move comfortably, and also provide service facilities that these people are able to Persons use it on their own.

What is Bisan Kindergarten?

Bisan KG is a Palestinian independent KG established in 2001; it serves more than 120 kids. Ministry of education curriculum are being used in the KG, but it is specialized in active learning - using play as the base for learning.

As KG kids are the most vulnerable age group encountering education systems in Palestine, Bisan found that its duty is to provide children with safe play environment with inclusion of children with disability. The kindergarten lacks for the safety and health factors, its playground is made of sand, and the playing facilities are old and a bit rusty. Thus, it exposes the kids to a lot of harms, so the land need to be turned into artificial grass.

Why should we integrate children with special needs with ordinary children in kindergarten?

  • Meaningful friendships
  • Increased appreciation and acceptance of individual differences
  • Increased understanding and acceptance of diversity
  • Respect for all people
  • Prepares all students for adult life in an inclusive society
  • Opportunities to master activities by practicing and teaching others
  • Greater academic outcomes
  • All students needs are better met, greater resources for everyone

Estimated costs:

Masonry works

2,000

Plastering

2,000

Tiling

4,000

Painting

4,000

Furniture and wooden works

20,000

Air conditioning

5,000

External façade, composite panels

1,000

Plumbing installations

3,000

Electrical installations

3,000

Aluminum windows and doors

3,000

Removal and reinstatement works

5,000

Engineering supervision

6,000

Miscellaneous

2,000

TOTAL

60,000

Organizer

  • Subhia Soliman
  •  
  • Campaign Owner

Donors

  • omar wishah
  • Donated on Feb 11, 2021
$55.00
  • Nino Ferass
  • Donated on Feb 11, 2021
$50.00
  • Hanadi Elsafadi
  • Donated on Feb 09, 2021
$5.00

No updates for this campaign just yet

Donors & Comments

3 donors
  • omar wishah
  • Donated on Feb 11, 2021
$55.00
  • Nino Ferass
  • Donated on Feb 11, 2021
$50.00
  • Hanadi Elsafadi
  • Donated on Feb 09, 2021
$5.00

Followers

1 followers
karam Qudaih
US$110.00
Donated So Far

No more donations are being accepted at this time. Please contact the campaign owner if you would like to discuss further funding opportunities

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